PENNSYLVANIA MURDER STATUTE STATE
Following the independence of the United States, some new states began legal reforms to codify the crime of murder. One of the first states to do so was Pennsylvania. In 1794, the state issued a statute for murder. The murder involved first-degree capital murder and second-degree murder. The Pennsylvania legislature imposed a felony crime for capital punishment solely for acts of firearm, rape, robbery or theft. In addition, in the statutes, all felonies committed in another state by committing an offense under the common law specified in their statute must have been secondary murders.
Later, the crime of kidnapping was added to the list of crimes specified for the crime of murder. Only first-degree murder served as a basis for hanging. The Pennsylvania statute did not actually formulate the crime-killing rule or define the elements of the murder. Instead, the statute identified involvement in certain offenses as an element of increased murder responsibility. The statute mandated that:
Any killing, whether by poison or by waiting or otherwise, by willful and deliberate murder, or any other weapon, rape, robbery, or attempt to commit it. or theft, will be considered first degree murder; and all other murders will be in the second degree.
The implication of the statute is that the murder in one of the listed offenses did not require intentional, intentional, and previously fixed murder. The language of the statute does not suggest that having committed any crime in death was always a murder. This idea came from Lord Hale in his 17th century writings. It goes along the lines of what he proposed at the end of the century, and is similar to the instruction given by Judge Stephen in the Serne case: that murder would only be known if the criminal act was known. life-threatening and life-threatening. The word "understood" in the statute presupposes that the judge or jury may weigh the facts of the case and decide whether the defendant's conduct may have been suspended by the defendant.
The statute of Pennsylvania had a profound effect; in the same way, the statutes of the reform of the dead were modified in two-thirds of the existing states. Dozens of states adopted the pension rating scheme, with little or no change, and approved Pennsylvania's statute: Virginia 1796, Kentucky 1798 to 1801, Maryland 1810, Louisiana 1812 1855 to 1855, Tennessee 1829, Michigan. In 1838, Arkansas in 1838, New Hampshire in 1842, Connecticut in 1846, Delaware in 1852, Massachusetts in 1858, and West Virginia in 1863 joined the Union with such statute.
The other nineteen states adopted the scheme to some extent. The states that passed the Pennsylvania statute changed the grading scheme slightly: Ohio in 1815, Maine in 1840, Alabama in 1841, Missouri in 1845, Iowa in 1851, Indiana in 1852, California in 1856, California in 1856, Texas in 1858 in New York. 1860, Kansas (with such a law in 1861), Oregon in 1864, Nevada (with such a law in 1864), Nebraska in 1873, Montana (with such a law in 1889), Washington (with such a law in 1889), Idaho (such a law entered the Union in 1890), Wyoming (such a law with the Union in 1890), North Carolina in 1893, and Utah (along with its joining the Union in 1896).
DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENTS FELONY MURDER STATUTES
In 1827 the statute for the first Illinois murder crime was adopted in Illinois. The Illinois statute stated that murder is unlawful, with malicious expression, or knowing that actions will result in death or great bodily harm and are likely to result in murder. The statute added that "unintentional murder … by committing an unlawful act, in its aftermath, is naturally prone to destroying human life, or being prosecuted for a willful crime …". and they decided to have the murder. "Again, we see the effect of Lord Hale and not Lord Coke. The Illinois statute is a true crime murder statute. However, it is not a strict liability statute," which tends to destroy the life of a human being. " because it limits liability for unlicensed murders during a crime – not applicable to everyone – Hale thought murder would be an unfortunate act that was life-threatening and could only result in death.
In New Jersey, in 1829, a statute was included in the assassination of New York "for making or attempting to commit, commit sodomy, rape, weapon, robbery or theft, or any unlawful act of peace in this state, which is likely to result in bloodshed. … "That year, New York adopted the most stringent crime crime murder regulations. Their statute said the murder was "by no means designed to cause death". By the end of the nineteenth century, nineteen states had killed different convictions. The states were: Illinois in 1827), New Jersey in 1829, Georgia in 1833, Mississippi in 1839, Alabama in 1841, Missouri in 1845, Wisconsin in 1849, California in 1850, Texas in 1857, Minnesota (Minnesota joined such a law in 1858), Nevada (in 1864 Union introduced with such law), Oregon repealed in 1864, Nebraska in 1866, in 1873, Florida in 1868, Colorado (joined the Union with such a law in 1876), Idaho and Montana (both joined the Union in 1889 with such laws), and Utah (joined the Union with such a law in 1896).
XX. For most states, the century had many ways of defining crime murder: preaching murder responsibility for malice, as well as a crime; murder responsibility over dangerous crimes, sometimes called crime enumeration, or murder responsibility for any crime. XX. The 21st century and the 21st century Until the 20th century, we see that American states continue to define murder crimes in the same way. Increased crime killing in the United States had more to do with Pennsylvania's 1794 murder grading statute. The death caused by an illegal act during the century is murder.
The murder rule in the United States has been more widespread than that used in England for combining the two concepts. One, the concept of the crime of murder and the ways in which statutes and two others were determined, used the concept of mutual liability to be held responsible for substantive crimes committed by any conspirator. an illegal deal that could lead to the American crime-killing rule.
This situation can be achieved when Bonnie and Clyde decide to rob the local liquor stores and order Clyde's brother Buck to take him to the liquor store, so they can stay outside and be a getaway driver. Buck agrees. If the shopkeeper goes in search of his 38th revolver, Bonnie shoots his gun under the gun, but misses, and kills an innocent guard at his shop, then Bonnie, Clyde and Buck are all arrested. Each can be held responsible and can be convicted of armed robbery and conspiracy to commit murder. The crime murder rule was never enforced in England in this way.